Licking County, situated in the central part of Ohio, was established on January 30, 1808, and has a rich history that dates back to prehistoric times. Here are some key moments in its history:

1. Prehistory period: The region was settled by Native American tribes, including the Hopewell, Adena, and Fort Ancient peoples, thousands of years before European contact. The Alligator Effigy Mound and Newark Earthworks, which are large ceremonial earthworks dating back to 100 BC to 500 AD, showcase Licking County’s ancient past.

2. Early European explorations: The first Europeans to explore the region included French traders and the Moravian missionaries during the 1700s.

3. Settlers arrive: Licking County was originally part of the Northwest Territory, which was established in 1787. The area started to draw more settlers, primarily from New England, after Ohio achieved statehood in 1803. John Stadden is regarded as the first permanent settler in 1800, followed by many others including Gen. William E. Starke and Colonel John Stadden.

4. Formation of the county: Licking County was officially established in 1808, and named after the abundance of ‘salt licks’ in the area, which were natural salt deposits that attracted animals.

5. Economic development: Agriculture became the primary source of income for early residents. The region later became an industrial hub, especially with the arrival of the Ohio and Erie Canal in the 1820s, followed by the railroads.

6. City of Newark: Founded in 1802, Newark, the county seat of Licking County, houses important institutions like Denison University and the Newark Earthworks. The city experienced significant growth in the 19th and 20th centuries, with the establishment of multiple industries, including glass manufacturing and automotive production.

7. Modern Licking County: Today, the county continues to thrive with a mix of manufacturing, agricultural, and service industries. The area is also known for its picturesque landscape, parks, and historic sites, including the nationally recognized Newark Earthworks, which has been nominated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Overall, Licking County, Ohio, boasts a storied past that began with ancient Native American civilizations and continued through European exploration and American settlement, leading to the diverse and vibrant region it is today.

The Newark City Council consists of ten council members; three At-Large and one from each of seven wards. Council members are elected to 4-year terms. The ward elections alternate with the at-large elections. Council members are paid a stipend of $8,076/year for their service.

5 Council Members – Marmie (Chair), Lang (Vice Chair), Barker, Houser, Hottinger.